Morton Borden’s 85 Anti Federalist Papers

General Topics
FED1: General Introduction
AFED5: Scotland And England – A Case In Point.
FED2: Concerning Dangers from Foreign Force and Influence
FED3: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence)
FED4: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence)
FED5: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning Dangers From Foreign Force and Influence)
AFED1: General Introduction: A dangerous plan of benefit only to the “Aristocratick Combination”
AFED3: New Constitution Creates A National Government; Will Not Abate Foreign Influence; Dangers Of Civil War And Despotism
AFED4: Foreign Wars, Civil Wars, And Indian Wars – Three Bugbears
AFED2: “We have been told of phantoms”
Conflicts Between the States
AFED9: A Consolidated Government Is A Tyranny
FED6: Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States
FED7: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning Dangers from Dissensions Between the States)
FED8: The Consequences of Hostilities Between the States
FED9: The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection
FED10: The Same Subject Continued (The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection)
AFED6: The Hobgoblins Of Anarchy And Dissensions Among The States
AFED7: Adoption Of The Constitution Will Lead To Civil War
AFED8: “The Power Vested In Congress Of Sending Troops For Suppressing Insurrections Will Always Enable Them To Stifle The First Struggles Of Freedom”
AFED10: On The Preservation Of Parties, Public Liberty Depends
Costs of the New Government
AFED13: The Expense Of The New Government
FED11: The Utility of the Union in Respect to Commercial Relations and a Navy
FED12: The Utility of the Union In Respect to Revenue
FED13: Advantage of the Union in Respect to Economy in Government
AFED12: How Will The New Government Raise Money?
AFED11: Unrestricted Power Over Commerce Should Not Be Given The National Government
State Sovereignty – preservation of the Union
AFED17: Federalist Power Will Ultimately Subvert State Authority
AFED14: Extent Of Territory Under Consolidated Government Too Large To Preserve Liberty Or Protect Property
AFED18-20: What Does History Teach? (Part I)
FED14: Objections to the Proposed Constitution From Extent of Territory Answered
FED15: The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union
FED16: The Same Subject Continued (The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union)
FED17: The Same Subject Continued (The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union)
AFED15: Rhode Island Is Right!
FED18: The Same Subject Continued (The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union)
FED19: The Same Subject Continued (The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union)
FED20: The Same Subject Continued (The Insufficiency of the Present Confederation to Preserve the Union)
AFED16: Europeans Admire And Federalists Decry The Present System
AFED18-20: What Does History Teach? (Part II)
Defects in the Articles of Confederation
AFED21: Why The Articles Failed
FED21: Other Defects of the Present Confederation
FED22: The Same Subject Continued (Other Defects of the Present Confederation)
FED23: The Necessity of a Government as Energetic as the One Proposed to the Preservation of the Union
AFED22: Articles Of Confederation Simply Requires Amendments, Particularly For Commercial Power And Judicial Power; Constitution Goes Too Far
AFED23: Certain Powers Necessary For The Common Defense, Can And Should Be Limited
Common Defense, Milita, and Standing Armies
AFED27: The Use Of Coercion By The New Government (Part II)
AFED29: Objections To National Control Of The Militia
FED24: The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered
FED25: The Same Subject Continued (The Powers Necessary to the Common Defense Further Considered)
FED26: The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered
FED27: The Same Subject Continued (The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered)
FED28: The Same Subject Continued (The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in Regard to the Common Defense Considered)
FED29: Concerning the Militia
AFED28: The Use Of Coercion By The New Government (Part III)
AFED24: Objections To A Standing Army (Part I)
AFED25: Objections To A Standing Army (Part II)
AFED26: The Use Of Coercion By The New Government (Part I)
Taxation
AFED36: Representation And Internal Taxation
AFED30-31: A Virginia Anti-federalist On The Issue Of Taxation
AFED32: Federal Taxation And The Doctrine Of Implied Powers (Part I)
AFED33: Federal Taxation And The Doctrine Of Implied Powers (Part II)
FED30: Concerning the General Power of Taxation
FED31: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning the General Power of Taxation)
FED32: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning the General Power of Taxation)
FED33: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning the General Power of Taxation)
FED34: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning the General Power of Taxation)
FED35: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning the General Power of Taxation)
FED36: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning the General Power of Taxation)
AFED35: Federal Taxing Power Must Be Restrained
AFED34: The Problem Of Concurrent Taxation
The Convention Overstepped its Bounds
AFED37: Factions And The Constitution
AFED38: Some Reactions To Federalist Arguments
FED37: Concerning the Difficulties of the Convention in Devising a Proper Form of Government
FED38: The Same Subject Continued, and the Incoherence of the Objections to the New Plan Exposed
FED39: The Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles
FED40: On the Powers of the Convention to Form a Mixed Government Examined and Sustained
AFED40: On The Motivations And Authority Of The Founding Fathers
AFED39: Appearance And Reality-The Form Is Federal; The Effect Is National
Powers of Federal Government
FED41: General View of the Powers Conferred by The Constitution
FED42: The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered
FED43: The Same Subject Continued (The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered)
AFED41-43: (Part I) “The Quantity Of Power The Union Must Possess Is One Thing; The Mode Of Exercising The Powers Given Is Quite A Different Consideration”
AFED41-43: (Part II) “The Quantity Of Power The Union Must Possess Is One Thing; The Mode Of Exercising The Powers Given Is Quite A Different Consideration”
Authorities of the States
AFED46: “Where Then Is The Restraint?”
FED44: Restrictions on the Authority of the Several States
FED45: The Alleged Danger From the Powers of the Union to the State Governments
FED46: The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared
AFED44: What Congress Can Do; What A State Can Not
AFED45: Powers Of National Government Dangerous To State Governments; New York As An Example
Seperatation of Powers
AFED47: “Balance” Of Departments Not Achieved Under New Constitution
AFED50: On Constitutional Conventions (Part II)
AFED49: On Constitutional Conventions (Part I)
FED47: The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts
FED48: These Departments Should Not Be So Far Separated as to Have No Constitutional Control Over Each Other
FED49: Method of Guarding Against the Encroachments of Any One Department of Government by Appealing to the People Through a Convention.
FED50: Periodical Appeals to the People Considered
FED51: The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments.
AFED51: Do Checks And Balances Really Secure The Rights Of The People?
AFED48: No Separation Of Departments Results In No Responsibility
The House of Representatives
AFED59: The Danger Of Congressional Control Of Elections.
AFED55: Will The House Of Representatives Be Genuinely Representative? (Part I)
AFED56: Will The House Of Representatives Be Genuinely Representative? (Part II)
AFED57: Will The House Of Representatives Be Genuinely Representative? (Part III)
AFED58: Will The House Of Representatives Be Genuinely Representative? (Part IV)
AFED61: Questions And Comments On The Constitutional Provisions Regarding The Election Of Congressmen
AFED54: Apportionment And Slavery: Northern And Southern Views
FED52: The House of Representatives
FED53: The Same Subject Continued (The House of Representatives)
FED54: The Apportionment of Members Among the States.
FED55: The Total Number of the House of Representatives
FED56: The Same Subject Continued (The Total Number of the House of Representatives)
FED57: The Alleged Tendency of the New Plan to Elevate the Few at the Expense of the Many Considered in Connection with Representation.
FED58: Objection That The Number of Members Will Not Be Augmented as the Progress of Population Demands
FED59: Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members
FED60: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members).
FED61: The Same Subject Continued (Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members)
AFED52: On The Guarantee Of Congressional Biennial Elections
AFED53: A Plea For The Right Of Recall
AFED60: Will The Constitution Promote The Interests Of Favorite Classes?
The Senate
AFED64: On The Organization And Powers Of The Senate (Part III)
FED62: The Senate
FED63: The Senate Continued
FED64: The Powers of the Senate
FED65: The Powers of the Senate Continued
FED66: Objections to the Power of the Senate To Set as a Court for Impeachments Further Considered
AFED62: On The Organization And Powers Of The Senate (Part I)
AFED63: On The Organization And Powers Of The Senate (Part II)
AFED65: On The Organization And Powers Of The Senate (Part IV)
AFED66: From North Carolina
The Executive
FED67: The Executive Department
AFED67: Various Fears Concerning The Executive Department
AFED70: The Powers And Dangerous Potentials Of His Elected Majesty
AFED73: Does The Presidential Veto Power Infringe On The Separation Of Departments?
AFED76-77: An Antifederalist View Of The Appointing Power Under The Constitution
AFED69: The Character Of The Executive Office
AFED75: A Note Protesting The Treaty-Making Provisions Of The Constitution
AFED72: On The Electoral College; On Re-eligibility Of The President
FED68: The Mode of Electing the President
AFED71: The Presidential Term Of Office
FED69: The Real Character of the Executive
FED70: The Executive Department Further Considered
FED71: The Duration in Office of the Executive
FED72: The Same Subject Continued, and Re-Eligibility of the Executive Considered
FED73: The Provision For The Support of the Executive, and the Veto Power
FED74: The Command of the Military and Naval Forces, and the Pardoning Power of the Executive
FED75: The Treaty-Making Power of the Executive
FED76: The Appointing Power of the Executive
FED77: The Appointing Power Continued and Other Powers of the Executive Considered
AFED74: The President As Military King
AFED68: On The Mode Of Electing The President
The Judiciary
AFED80: The Power Of The Judiciary (Part II)
AFED83: The Federal Judiciary And The Issue Of Trial By Jury
AFED81: The Power Of The Judiciary (Part III)
AFED78-79: The Power Of The Judiciary (Part I)
AFED82: The Power Of The Judiciary (Part IV)
FED78: The Judiciary Department
FED79: The Judiciary Continued
FED80: The Powers of the Judiciary
FED81: The Judiciary Continued, and the Distribution of the Judicial Authority
FED82: The Judiciary Continued
FED83: The Judiciary Continued in Relation to Trial by Jury
Concluding Remarks
AFED84: On The Lack Of A Bill Of Rights
AFED85: Concluding Remarks: Evils Under Confederation Exaggerated; Constitution Must Be Drastically Revised Before Adoption
FED84: Certain General and Miscellaneous Objections to the Constitution Considered and Answered
FED85: Concluding Remarks

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